Geographic Information System

The GIS Research and Development Hub (GIS-RDH)

The Geographic Information Systems Research and Development Hub (GIS-RDH) of the DRM Unit seeks to acquire a respectful status within the Philippines as a credible research center specialized in DRM. The center aims to establish a geospatially-centered research environment and providing world-class knowledge and expertise for disaster research. The center serves as a synergetic avenue for the pursuit of excellence in research, education, and services in geographic information technologies.

The Center encourages research related to spatial technologies by conducting studies using GIS and related applications. The Center seeks to organize research events such as international conferences, workshops, seminars, and symposiums, among others. The Center encourages and promotes research papers and research projects and development in the GIS fields. The Center focuses and conducts various interdisciplinary research projects and applications. Examples of some research projects are listed below:

GIS Based Strategy for Economic and Social Recovery of Selected Flood-affected Areas in Punjab, Pakistan: A Case of Lahore, Pakistan Comparing with Quezon City Philippines

Climate-Related Disasters Challenges for Sustainable Development: Innovating a Science and Policy Framework towards Sustainable and Climate-Resilient Quezon City, Philippines

Authors: Tabassam Raza1, 2, Andrea Valentine L. Andres3, Jun T. Castro4, Vincent G. Vinarao3, Frederika C. Rentoy3, Thess Khas S. Raza3, and Tariq Siddiqui1

1 Disaster Risk Management Unit, Graduate School of Business, Philippine School of Business Administration, Manila, Philippines
2 U.P. Planning and Development Research Foundation, Inc. Quezon City, Philippines
3 Environmental Protection and Waste Management Department, Quezon City Government, Philippines
4 School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines

Summary: The extreme weather event Super Typhoon Haiyan devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, on November 8, 2013. It served as a wake-up call for urgent action by the Philippines and other Island-States to mainstream Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) interventions. In addition, cities in Southeast Asian Archipelagos (Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have distorted the natural environment by haphazardly constructing roads, buildings, and other infrastructures.

Such massive changes in the environment are altering the ecology, creating sustainable development challenges such as local flooding that cause physical and psychological illnesses to those affected. Although there is an empirical understating of the linkages between Climate Change (CC) and Sustainable Development (SD), the bulk of current research is about scientists and policy-makers developing innovative bottom-up approach building on increasing local challenges about climate change and how to prevent such concerns and make urban areas and Island-States sustainably develop and Climate Change (CC) resilient.

It further explore on how to mainstream CCAM at very early stages of development planning. Thus, to achieve these objectives, the Quezon City Local Government (QCLG) took an initiative to craft a Science and Policy Framework (SPF) in order to formulate its development sectoral-based CC Action Plan that can be mainstreamed in its comprehensive development plan. It was done by operationalizing the 4th of eight Guideposts of an existing Risk-Sensitive Comprehensive Land Use and Development Planning (RSCLUDP) Model, which consists of step-by-step technical procedures on how to develop the outline of the SPF and conduct periodic strategic planning workshops using gender-sensitive participatory process.

Thus, the SPF, as an innovative risk assessment approach, was applied in generating primary data about hazards characterization, exposure to elements at risk, and threat levels. Essentially, it allowed to assess impacts of climate-related events/hazards (Extreme Weather Events, Change in Rain Patterns, and Rise in Mean Temperature in context of Quezon City) on five local development sectors: Social, Economic, Environmental, Land Use/Infrastructure, and Institutional; intersecting with seven CC priority areas: Food Security, Water Sufficiency, Ecological Environmental Stability, Human Security, Climate-Smart Industries and Services, Sustainable Energy, and Knowledge and Capacity Development; aligned with the Philippine National Framework Strategy on Climate Change 2010-2022.

In addition, Geographic Information System (GIS) was also used to process acquired pertinent data to analyze climate projections and develop spatial strategies for decision making. The application of SPF revealed among other the QC personnel and institutional adaptive capacities, threat level of CC- related hazards on development sectors and institutional and personnel relative vulnerabilities. These findings allowed QCLG to develop sectoral Local Climate Change Action Plan (LCCAP) 2017-2027 to mainstream CC Adaptation (CCA) at very early stages of development planning. The SPF and Action Plan are flexible and fashioned toward enhancing key development sectors in order to create sustainable and CCA-resilient Cities. They can be globally-effective tools for achieving the Paris Agreement, Sustainable Development Goals, and targets of the Sendai Framework.

Use of Satellite-based Information and Geographic Information System for Geo-referencing of Thematic Maps: Applications for Risk-sensitive Land Use Planning and Emergency Escape Route Planning in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal

Authors: Dr. Tabassam Raza and Dr. Leigh G. Lingad

Summary: This project shows a well ordered method in recognizing and adjusting a projection/coordinate system of shapefiles with practically zero metadata utilizing satellite information. It likewise expects to apply a created method to accomplish facilitate adjustment to the system’s parameters for higher projection and coordinate system precision utilizing ArcMap’s Affine Transformation device. To exhibit the materialness of the proposed strategy, cases on the most proficient method to incorporate satellite and GIS-based information in Risk-Sensitive Land Use (RSLU) planning and Emergency Escape Route (EER) planning, are introduced.

Spatial adjustment method of the shapefile with control points

Mainstreaming DRR in Cantonment Physical and Development / Redevelopment Planning Framework; Case Studies of Attok, Wah, and Rawalpindi Cantonments

External Review Identifying Gaps in Disaster Risk Reduction Management Approach in Mindanao River Basin Integrated Management and Development Master Plan and Corresponding Recommendations

Author: Dr. Tabassam Raza

Summary: The Mindanao River Basin (MRB), with an aggregate catchment territory of 21,503km² situated in focal and southern part of Mindanao, is the second biggest river basin in the Philippines. Inferable from its vital area, the basin gives water assets basic to the social and economic improvement in the basin, as well as to the entire island of Mindanao. Extreme and steady flooding has interrupted social and economic activities, and has incurred harm to lives and livelihood – particularly yields and domesticated animals. Along these lines, the primary goal of the Project is to figure a MRB-IMDMP reliable with national improvement destinations and sound water assets advancement and administration rehearses. In the review, Dr. Raza evaluated the Integrated Management and Development Master Plan of the Mindanao River Basin in order to suggest solutions and improvements to the implementation of the plan.

Geographic Information System                         Training and Services

Training and Services

Training and Services

As part of the central academic mission to raise awareness of spatial technology among graduate and undergraduate students, the GIS-RDH offers the students and the society an educational environment of the latest knowledge and advanced skills in GIS and increase students’ opportunities to find livelihood in an ever demanding market with hard competition. The Center has various types of resources and facilities in order to impart GIS education in the class and the field.

The Curriculum for the Degree of Master in Business Administration (MBA) Specialization in Disaster Risk Management (DRM) offers the course Geographic Information System Base Mapping Techniques for Disaster Management as a part of the Special Seminar in Disaster Risk Management 1, which is also available in the E-Learning System of PSBA-Manila. The course focuses on the provision of Management Information System (MIS) with a strong focus on GIS that is vital in monitoring and evaluating development control, environmental sustainability, and hazard-impacted areas. Further, the framework is designed towards GIS in terms of modules meant for the application of GIS towards Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) spatial understanding in prevention and preparation. The aim of the course is to provide knowledge to the students on how to properly define the DRR- and CCA-related information in terms of maps or spatial distribution of disaster impact, hazards, flood vulnerability, earthquake impact, and tsunami vulnerability, among others.

The Center also provides trainings and workshops to employees of local government and private entities that pioneer the use of GIS software such as, but not limited to, ArcGIS in their respective departments. Some of the past trainings and workshops carried out by the center are listed below:

Workshop on Climate Change Vulnerability Analysis using Geographic Information System for Quezon City Stakeholders (Quezon City Local Climate Change Action Plan Project)


GIS Workshop on Analyzing the Alteration to Surface Cover Leading to the Creation of Urban Heat Island (UHI)

Research and Development Hub                         GIS Equipment

GIS Equipment

The GIS-RDH seeks to have comprehensive and up to date instruments to ensure the reliability and sustainability of the center. Parts of the existing software used by the Center are listed below:

ArcGIS Desktop 10.6


Microsoft Office 2016 Professional 2016

This includes the latest version of Microsoft Excel for processing data.

ArcGIS Pro

All of the software mentioned above are of the latest current version in the market.

Training and Services                          Geographic Information System